4. ARTICLES and ESSAYS
6. STUDIES, REPORTS, STATEMENTS
Synopsis: Rosia Montana has been thrown into a state of disarray ever since the arrival of a Romanian gold mining corporation backed by powerful Canadian shareholders. The corporation is planning on razing a large portion of the town and its surroundings to the ground in order to access to a rock which happens to hold the largest gold deposits in Europe. The mining process involves the use of highly toxic cyanide to extract the gold from the rock – arguably a necessary risk to spur economic development in the area, though potentially fatal for the local environment and the beautiful landscape. More than 2000 people are poised to lose their homes. Many of them have chosen resettlement in big cities, but a small group of inhabitants is battling against the Company and defending their homes with all they have. A long-standing fight of the people in a deeply separated village where the division between opponents and supporters of the mining project even splits families down the middle.
Synopsis: The Canadian-Romanian Rosia Montana Gold Corporation wants to open the largest gold mine of Europe in Rosia Montans. The mountains surrounding the village are planned to be exploded in fifteen years by using 20 tons of dynamite a day. They would build a 800-hectare reservoir for cyanide-contaminated waste water. People from four villages – almost 2,000 souls – would have to leave their lands, homes, churches, cemeteries and their past. The historic monuments and archeological treasures of Rosia Montana, the oldest mining settlement in Romania, would be destroyed. Terrain preparation, the purchase and destruction of houses have already begun, even though Rosia Montana Gold Corporation has not even been granted permission from the Romanian government to initiate the project. Most of the people wish to stay. As they say, “we’d rather die than to go away from here”.
Although Article 30 of Romania’s 1991 constitution guarantees the freedom of media, in practice this freedom is rarely to be found. On the contrary, Romania’s media structure is a portrait of state dependence.
Data collected through our fieldwork suggests four specific avenues through which government manipulates media in this environment:
(1) direct control via outlet ownership
(2) indirect control via infrastructure ownership
(3) indirect control via financial pressure
(4) indirect control via entry regulation.
Tessa Dunlop travels to Romania to investigate why a proposed open-cast gold mine has caused the longest-lasting political storm in the country since the end of Communism.
The mine, in the rural community of Rosia Montana in the Transylvanian mountains in western Romania, would be Europe’s largest. Its supporters, including most locals, say it would bring…Read more
Testimonies of people of Rosia Montana, that will not give up and continue fighting against the mining project that would destroy houses, places where they grew up, lived, in which they buried their relatives – life and the environment. Read more
Gold mine plans divide one Transylvanian town, by Alison Mutler
Op-Ed: Romania’s Rosia Montana excluded from UNESCO proposal list, by Raluca Besliu
Canadian gold mine project sows discord in Romania, by Isabelle Wesselingh
Moutains of Gold, essay by Dimiter Keranov
The Rosia Montana mine is one of the oldest mines in the world, but now it threatens to destroy the ancient village it long ago built.
The book was written with the participation of historians, archaeologists, architects, geologists, economists, sociologists, geographers, chemists, biologists, engineers, agronomists, from around the country and from abroad (Germany, Italy, Great Britain, Hungary), which set out to analyse the natural, historical, archaeological and cultural heritage of the Roşia Montană region within the context of the implementation of Roşia Montană Gold Corporation mining project.
„The volume Roşia Montană în European Debate it’s a demarch unique in Romania about the approaches of the mining project in Roşia Montană. Even though the presentations and synthesis in this anthology were published before, they never found an unitary space to be presented by now.” Victor Boştinaru
An article from Human Geographies, Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography.
Rosia Montana Project – between risks and benefits, Romanian Academy of Sciences
Responses to: Evaluation Report- Environmental Impact Assessment Study for the Roşia Montană Project (EIA), Robert E. Moran, Ph.D; Michael-Moran Assoc., LLC; „Water Quality/Hydrogeology/Geochemistry Golden”, Colorado, U.S.A.
“The destruction of the Roşia Montană community – with a history of well over 2,000 years – by resettling the population, demolishing houses (including historical monuments) and churches, as well as resettling cemeteries, is unacceptable and is reminiscent of a period everybody thinks is over.” Romanian Academy of Sciences
Public statement on the gold mining project at Roşia Montană – Archaeological, historical and cultural arguments, Ad Astra, The worldwide association of Romanian Scientists
Letter from Michael Petzet, the President of ICOMOS (UNESCO consultant), to the Prime Minister of Romania.